zone water
command
Syntax
 zone water keyword

This command initializes pore pressures, changing the effective stresses. FLAC3D uses effective stresses (i.e., total stresses plus pore pressure) in constitutive models. Pore pressures are defined at gridpoints, and zone pore pressures are then calculated as the average of the zone gridpoints. If
model configure fluid
is not set, pore pressures are not affected by zone volume changes, there is no flow of water, and the dry density must be specified for zones above the water table and the saturated material density for zones below.Note that the density keyword is required to be used before porepressures can be calculated, and the porepressures resulting are based on this being the value uniformly applied to the model. The actual fluid density used during calculations is given by the
zone initialize fluiddensity
command. density f keyword <range>
fluid density, \(ρ_w\) [SI units: kg/m^{3}]. This will force a recalculation of pore pressures on all gridpoints in the range.
The following keywords are available:
 effective
If this keyword is specified, then the total stresses in all zones connected to gridpoints in the range will be adjusted to keep the effective stress constant.
 skipassignment
If this keyword is specified, then the values used to calculate porepressures is changed to porepressures are not actually assigned to any gridpoints. The values specified will remain until the next
zone water
command is given.
 list
Lists the current water table settings. This includes the assumed fluid density, the geometric set to use (if any), and the water table plane last specified.
 set s keyword <range>
Specify the geometric set used to determine water surface location. By default, the name is Water Surface. Specifying a new set name causes a recalculation of gridpoint pore pressures for all gridpoints below polygons in that set that are also in the range. See the
geometry
command.The following keywords are available:
 effective
If this keyword is specified, then the total stresses in all zones connected to gridpoints in the range will be adjusted to keep the effective stress constant.
 skipassignment
If this keyword is specified, then the values used to calculate porepressures is changed to porepressures are not actually assigned to any gridpoints. The values specified will remain until the next
zone water
command is given.
 plane keyword <range>
Specify a water table plane. The water table sets pore pressure for all gridpoints (and, hence, zones) below the water table. The porepressure gradient is given by the direction of the gravity vector, which can be arbitrary (see the
model gravity
command).The following keywords are available to set the plane location and orientation.
 effective
If this keyword is specified, then the total stresses in all zones connected to gridpoints in the range will be adjusted to keep the effective stress constant.
 normal v
normal direction to the plane, defined by unit vector v and pointing in the direction of increasing pore pressure.
 skipassignment
the plane to use for the purpose of calculate pore pressures is specified, but pore pressures are not actually assigned to gridpoints in the range.
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